Nils Karlson is the founding president and CEO of the Ratio Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. He is an economist and political scientist, a professor at Linköping University, working in the fields of institutional economics, political theory, public choice, industrial relations, and constitutional political economy. His research is focused on the interaction between politics, markets, and civil society in Western democracies and welfare states. Major interests in statecraft and liberal, welfare-enhancing reform, constitutional design, and consequences of welfare state expansion. Special interests in labor market models and collective bargaining, education, and skills formation, virtue ethics, entrepreneurship, and market processes, and the future of the European Union.